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    Ebola

    There have been no cases of Ebola found in north Texas in 2015.  Though the threat is very low at this point, Tarrant County Public Health will remain vigilant to any possible cases and will continue to update these Ebola web pages whenever the CDC provides further updates.

    Background

    Ebola is a viral disease endemic to parts of Africa where sporadic outbreaks have occurred since it was first described in 1976. Symptoms of the disease include fever, severe headache, sore throat, malaise (not feeling well), muscle pain, vomiting, rash, diarrhea, stomach pain, unexplained bleeding or bruising.

    Ebola is spread from a symptomatic Ebola “Case” to others via direct contact with broken skin or mucous membranes such as the eyes, nose, or mouth via:

    • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola (a “Case”); or
    • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus.

    Upon onset of symptoms the person (a “Case”) is infectious and the infectiousness increases as the disease progresses. It is not an airborne disease. Use of standard, contact and droplet precautions is considered effective in preventing transmission and should be used for patients suspected of having the Ebola virus disease.

    The following diagram illustrates how this disease is transmitted.

    Ebola target graphic, hero image

    (RED) A person who is sick and has been diagnosed and Lab Confirmed to have Ebola, is called a “Case”.

    (YELLOW) A person who came in close proximity with a symptomatic Ebola “Case” is called a “Contact”. This person, without symptoms, is not infectious. Public Health monitors “Contacts” for symptoms of Ebola so that they may be given health care quickly and prevents further exposure of other individuals.

    (GREEN) A person, who lives with a “Contact” and has not exposed to an Ebola “Case” is considered a “No Risk Person” for transmission. This “No Risk Person” is often referred to as contact-of-a-“Contact”. Since this person has not been exposed to Ebola, s/he cannot pass the disease to someone else. From a Public Health perspective, this individual may conduct normal daily activities.

     

    Ebola Information Hotline:

    817-248-6299