About Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases are bacteria, viruses or other
organisms that are spread through intimate person-to-person contact,
such as oral, vaginal and anal sex.
STDs are not transmitted through day-to-day contact in social settings such as schools or at the workplace, nor are they transmitted through casual contact -- including kissing, shaking hands or hugging. Dirty toilet seats, mosquitoes, eating utensils and drinking glasses pose no risks of transmission.
Two Types of STDs
Bacterial infections --such as with gonorrhea, chlamydia,
syphilis and several others-- are usually curable with antibiotics,
requiring only one clinic visit.
Virual infections -- such as herpes, genital warts or HIV-- can only be managed and controlled, but not cured.
STDs are serious health concerns
About Human Immunovirus (HIV)
HIV is spread through both intimate contact and through the sharing
Infants can be infected with HIV before birth, during birth and through breast-feeding after birth from an infected mother.
When someone develops an STD infection, they are also at a high risk of acquiring HIV. Conversely, when an HIV-infected person is also infected with another STD, they are much more likely to transmit HIV than someone who is only HIV-infected.
Dealing with HIV
More details about:
STDs On The Rise - Report from
the National Coalition of STD Directors
For more information or questions regarding the content of this video please go to www.cdc.gov
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